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Car trouble: A vehicle in New York City is entombed in ice after sub-zero temperatures swept across the east coast and caused chaos for motorists
Doctors are warning people to take extra care in wrapping up and staying out of the cold to avoid the danger of frostbite.
Frostbite can occur in under a minute at extremely cold temperatures, with the most vulnerable areas being fingers, toes, noses, cheeks and ears.
'When the wind chill factor starts heading toward zero degrees, frostbite becomes a very real hazard for anyone caught outside, unprepared for wind and frigid temperatures,' said Dr Lewis Marshall, chairman of emergency medicine at Brookdale University Hospital Medical Center in Brooklyn, New York.
The deaths of Joseph and Grace Cody left the tiny farming community of Southwest City in shock with teachers describing them as ‘two of the brightest, most polite children they had dealt with’.
Frozen: A horse with a frost-covered face shivers in a field in Calais,, Vermont today
Such was the strength of feeling that residents carried out a candlelit vigil on Sunday night at the spot where they died Grace was in the ice and water for more than five hours before she was found, while her brother was pulled out after about an hour, said Southwest City Mayor Ryan McKee, a member of the volunteer fire department that responded to the scene.
Both died later in hospital.
‘Things like this just don't happen here,’ said William Goodwin, owner of Ozark Funeral Home in the town, which has a population of just 850.
Investigators in Philadelphia said it was unclear why Mr Kurtz spent the night in his car.
And in North Haven police were unable to explain how Miss O’Hara died, but it is thought that she may have perished from exposure to the freezing conditions.
The cold weather has led to teachers warning parents to make sure their children are bundled up on the school run so they don’t catch a cold.
Commuters were also braced for travel chaos amid treacherous conditions and ice on the roads.
New York’s Central Park was expected to hit high of 24F but wind chills made daytime temperatures feel more like 3F to 7F The National Weather Service predicted a high of 19F on Monday, the coldest it's been in New York City since Jan 16, 2009, when the high was 16F.
In the famous Bryant Park the fountains turned into giant blocks of ice whilst pictures of cars looked as if they had spent the night in a deep freezer.
One East Village man needed a blowtorch, hammer and chisel - and a day's worth of determination - to rescue his car when it became encased in ice after an underground pipe burst.
Peter Helfer, 32, ended up smashing the back window and damaging the paintwork of his station wagon as he struggled to chip, thaw and steam it free.
He was even was joined by city workers armed with a steam-blasting blowtorch normally used to free frozen pipes.
'Woohoo! I'm glad it's over!' said the married marketing executive as he faced having to get his car repaired.'My office thought I was kidding when I told them why I couldn't make it to work.'
In Pittsburgh, where the Pittsburgh Steelers took on the New York Jets in the NFL playoffs on Sunday evening, the temperature was about 13F at game time.
Fans told ABC News that they wrapped up in six pairs of trousers and three coats to stay warm.
Temperature not rising: A duck flies off at a frozen lake in Marlborough, Mass.
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